Validating a certificate of origin
Status of This Memo This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is published for informational purposes.This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).The bigger global transport companies usually allow you to download a form online (once the shipment takes place, there is a nominal processing fee) and will assist in making sure the form is completed accurately.Note: Should you make an incorrect origin declaration or misrepresent the country of origin (too vague or deliberately confusing), the shipment may be refused, confiscated at the border, assessed a penalty fee or subject to a rigorous compliance program.
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These statements are called Route Origin Authorisations (ROAs).
Abstract This document defines the semantics of a Route Origin Authorization (ROA) in terms of the context of an application of the Resource Public Key Infrastructure to validate the origination of routes advertised in the Border Gateway Protocol.
The most common routing error we see is the accidental mis-origination of a prefix, meaning someone unintentionally announces an IP prefix that they are not the holder of.
RPKI offers BGP origin validation, so the question it tries to answer is: RPKI allows network operators to create cryptographically validatable statements about the route announcements they authorise to be made with the prefixes they hold.
Resource Certification (RPKI) is a community-driven system in which all Regional Internet Registries, open source software developers and several major router vendors participate.